A Multiple Deprivation Index and its relation to health services accessibility in a rural area of Ecuador
Pablo Francisco Cabrera Barona (published in 2023-01-09 by sandra rochina )
Published and/or Presented at:
Cabrera Barona, Pablo Francisco. 2014. A Multiple Deprivation Index and its relation to health services accessibility in a rural area of Ecuador. doi:10.1553/giscience2014s188.
This study produced a Multiple Deprivation Index (MDI) from census information in a rural area, north-west of the Metropolitan District of Quito (MDQ), Ecuador. The index developed uses selected socio-demographic information that represents social deprivation. First, a set of indicators were chosen and then an Analytic Hierarchy Process (AHP) was applied to calculate weights for each indicator. The MDI was calculated using an additive linear combination of the weighted indicators. Finally, using ordinary least squares (OLS), the index values were related to distances from each census area to the nearest health service to find relations between deprivation and distances to these kinds of services. Results showed that health services are located in less deprived areas, nevertheless no complete relation was founded between the index and distances to health services.